I know, it’s a strange sketch for a word so scholarly; adding a twist of Monty Python in there.
1. The study of correct pronunciation.
2. The study of the relationship between the pronunciation of words and their orthography.
Any one could then spell any word if he knew its pronunciation; the battle would shift to the field of orthoepy; and about such groups of words as “fog,” “dog,” “god,” “grass,” “gas,” “path,” “can’t” and the like, which would vary in spelling with different styles of utterance, would flame up internecine wars.
— Samuel McCoy, “Memory,” The Reader, December, 1906.
Orthoepy is essentially a modification of the Greek orthoepeia, literally “correctness of diction.”